Lukács vs. science fiction?

Morse, Donald E. “When the Hungarian Literary Theorist György Lukács Met American Science-Fiction Writer, Wayne Mark Chapman,” in Anatomy of Science Fiction, edited & introduced by Donald E. Morse (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2006), pp. 186-191.

While this essay is not available on the net to my knowledge, the contents and introduction to the book are:


There's also the Cambridge UP book description:


And there's this:

International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts (IAFA)

There's some pretty interesting stuff in this book. Morse himself started out in a different branch of literature, then got into science fiction, fantasy, and Hungarian literature. One of his specialties is Kurt Vonnegut Jr. Here's a list of publications:


I also copied another article: „Leakings: Reappropriating Science Fiction: The Case of Kurt Vonnegut,” by Tamás Bényei, a Hungarian author (pp. 48-69).

Back to Morse: the article is not about Lukács at all, save for implicating him in the suppression of science fiction, fantasy, and indigenous Hungarian culture in Stalinist Hungary. "Light" reading was deemed decadent and was officially under suspicion. Apparently all this was strictly forbidden until after the 1956 Revolution. But science fiction didn't get published much in Hungary until 1989, whereupon there was an explosion, not always properly documented in the American reference work on the subject.

But here's something else of interest, what Morse terms "pseudotranslation". There is no Wayne Mark Chapman: he is a fictional construct of a network of Hungarian authors who created their imaginary universe and published their original works under this pseudonym, owing to the fact that they could not sell their books as Hungarians: they had to pretend to be translating an American author!

As for Lukács role, I'm still not clear. In other instances Lukács indulged in Stalinist propaganda while covertly subverting it.  I know he hated Joyce and Kafka (though he admitted to the Kafkaesque quality of Stalinism), but I don't know what he had to say about science fiction and fantasy, if anything.

In any case, my eventual aim is to relate this to Lukács' take on Imre Madách.  I want to relate all of this to Sándor Szathmári. Perhaps there's a chance of interesting Morse or IAFA in Szathmári?

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